Saint Thomas, Apostle
1118 Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury who clashed with England’s King Henry II, was born in London (d. 1170).
1521 The Zwickau Prophets—Muenzer, Storch and Stuebner—arrived at Wittenberg.
1550 Aegidius Hunnius, professor at Marburg and Wittenberg, was born at Winnenden, Wuerttemberg (d. 1603).
1597 Peter Canisius (b. 8 May 1521), Dutch-born Roman Catholic reformer, died.
1620 The Pilgrims, English separatists known as Puritans, landed at Plymouth Rock when the Mayflower anchored off Plymouth, Massachusetts, and there founded the first Congregational church on American soil.
1645 Johann Löhner, composer, was born at Nuernberg (d. 2 April 1705, Nuernberg). He served as organist at Saint Lorenz church in Nuernberg and was one of the finest lyricists before J. S. Bach and one of the best early German opera composers.
1672 Benjamin Schmolck, German Lutheran clergyman and hymnist, was born at Brauchitzchdorf, Germany (d. 12 February 1737, Schweidnitz, Silesia).
1672 Johann Christoph Schwedler, German clergyman and hymnist, was born in Krobsdorf, Silesia, Germany (d. 12 January 1730).
1795 Robert Moffat, Scottish missionary and translator, was born at Ormiston, Scotland (d. 9 August 1883, Leigh, England).
1807 John Newton, Anglican clergyman and hymn writer, died (b. 24 July 1725, London).
1835 Oglethorpe University was chartered in Milledgeville, Georgia, under Presbyterian auspices. In 1913 the campus moved from Milledgeville to Atlanta.
1849 Henry M. Dexter’s (1821–1890) English text of “Shepherd of Tender Youth” first appeared in The Congregationalist, of which he was the editor.
1860 Henrietta Szold, American Zionist leader, was born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 13 February 1945).
1889 J. B. Lightfoot (b. 13 April 1828), Anglican clergyman and textual scholar, died.
1938 James M. Black (b. 19 August 1856, South Hill, New York), American Methodist chorister and hymn tune composer, died.