1508 The League of Cambrai is formed byPope Julius II, Louis XII of France, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor and
Ferdinand II of Aragon as an alliance against Venice.
1520 Martin Luther and Philipp Melanchthon burned Pope Leo X’s papal bull Exsurge Domine (which threatened Luther with excommunication) together with the canon law of the papacy.
1561 Kaspar (Caspar) Schwenkfeld (b. 1490), Silesian Anabaptist theologian and writer, died.
1569 Paul Eber, Reformation poet and hymnist, died in Wittenberg, Germany (b. 8 November 1511, Kitzingen, Bavaria).
1672 Jacob Fabritius, Lutheran pastor, began to serve Swedish Lutheran Americans (b. Silesia; d. 1696 [1693?]).
1735 During a visit to England, Georgia governor James Edward Oglethorpe (1696–1785) met John and Charles Wesley, students at Oxford University.
1813 Gottlieb Bassler, Lutheran leader in the Pittsburgh Synod and the General Council, was born at Langenthal, Switzerland (d. 3 October 1868).
1815 John Zundel, organist of sacred music, was born in Hochdorf, Germany (d. July 1882, Cannstadt, Germany).
1824 George MacDonald, Scottish novelist and poet, was born in Aberdeenshire, Scotland (d. 18 September 1905, Ashstead, England).
1859 Johannes Schaller, professor and president of Dr. Martin Luther College (New Ulm, Minnesota) and president of Wisconsin Lutheran Seminary (Wauwatosa, Wisconsin), was born in Saint Louis (d. 7 February 1920).
1862 Henry Ernest Nichol, the composer of sacred music, was born in Hull, England (d. 30 August 1926, Skirlaugh, Yorkshire, England).
1881 The first Lutheran congregation in southern California held its first service.
1885 Walter William Frederick Albrecht, professor at Concordia Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois), translator of Franz Pieper’s Christliche Dogmatik into English, was born in Lebanon, Wisconsin (d. 16 November 1961).
1895 Johann Gottlieb Christaller, West Africa missionary, linguist, died (b. 19 November 1827 in Württemberg).
1962 Norman A. Madson, hymn translator, died (b. 16 November 1886, Manitowoc, Wisconsin). He was educated at the
Wittenberg (Wisconsin) Academy, Luther College (Decorah, Iowa), the University of Chicago and Luther Seminary (Hamline [Saint Paul], Minnesota). Ordained on 14 November 1915, he served as a traveling missionary of the Norwegian Synod on the Iron Range in Northern Minnesota from 1915 to 1916. He taught at Luther College from 1916 to 1918 and was a chaplain in the U.S. Army from 1918 to 1919. He served pastorates at Bode, Iowa, and Princeton, Minnesota. He was president of the (Little) Norwegian Synod in 1935, editor of the Lutheran Sentinel (1927–1929), secretary of the synod’s Committee on Church Union and a member of the Intersynodical Committee on Hymnology and Liturgics and the Norwegian Synod Home Mission Committee.
1968 Karl Barth (b. 10 May 1886), Swiss reformed theologian, died.
1968 Thomas Merton (b. 31 January 1915), French-born American Trappist monk, died by accidental electrocution while attending a conference of Buddhist and Catholic monks in Bangkok, Thailand.