1026 Adalbold, Bishop of Utrecht, died. He was probably born in the Low Countries and was active in promoting the building of churches and monasteries in his diocese. His principal achievement was the completion within a few years of the great cathedral of Saint Martin at Utrecht.

1095 Pope Urban II began promoting the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont.

1542 Margaretha Blaurer, the first Protestant deaconess, died.

1654 Friedrich R. L. Canitz, German statesman, poet and hymnist, was born (d. 1699). A pietist and close friend of P. J. Spener, he was educated at Leiden and Leipzig. He traveled in England, Holland, Italy and France.

1755 Land for the first Jewish settlement in America was purchased by Joseph Salvador, who bought 100,000 acres near Fort Ninety-Six in southern Carolina.

1787 Andrew Reed, English Congregational clergyman and hymnist, was born at St. Clement Danes, Middlesex, England (d. 25 February 1862, Cambridge Heath, Middlesex, England).

1815 Johann Adam Ernst, the father of Missouri Synod Lutheranism in Canada,was born in Oettingen, Germany (d. 20 January 1895).

1825 Paul Henkel, North Carolina Lutheran pioneer and theologian, died (b. 15 December 1754 near Salisbury, North Carolina).

1862 Adelaide A. Pollard, American hymn writer, was born in Bloomfield, Iowa (d. 20 December 1934, New York City).

1874 Chaim Weizmann, Zionist leader, was born in Motol, Russia (d. 9 November1952).

1885 Benjamin Webb, composer, died in London, England (b. 28 November 1819, London).

1932 Christian James Broders, Spanish-American war chaplain and Brazil missionary, died in Saint Louis (b. 22 November 1867, New Orleans).

1938 Luther-Tyndale Lutheran Church, London, was dedicated.

1970 On a trip to the Philippines Pope Paul VI (18971978) was attacked by a dagger-wielding Bolivian painter disguised as a priest.

1971 The Anglican Church ordained its first women priests.

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