Justinian, Christian Ruler and Confessor of Christ
1575 The Maulbronn Formula, a precursor of the Formula of Concord, was submitted to the German princes.
1613 Johannes Mühlmann, Lutheran theologian and hymnist, died in Leipzig (b. 1573, Pegau, Saxony).
1803 John Gottlieb Morris, president of the General Synod, was born in York, Pennsylvania (d. 10 October 1895).
1803 Jacob Abbott, American Congregationalist, was born at Hallowell, Maine (d. 31 October 1879).
1831 Georg W. F. Hegel (b. 27 August 1770), German philosopher, died.
1844 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician and writer on metaphysics, died in Edinburgh (b. 10 October 1780).
1867 Anna Magdalena (nee Plehn) Meyer, hymn translator, was born in Alt-Rüdnitz, Neumark, Germany. Her father was a teacher in Germany who emigrated to the U.S. with his family in 1869, studied at the Missouri Synod’s practical seminary in Saint Louis and entered the ministry in 1871, serving for twenty-two years at Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin. Anna grew up and was educated at Chippewa Falls and taught school for several years. She married Pastor Christian Meyer of Howard, South Dakota, in 1893. She wrote several original poems and translations from the German that were published in church periodicals. [The Handbook to the Lutheran Hymnal, comp. W. G. Polack (Saint Louis: CPH, 1942): 545]
1869 Elizabeth Maria Thompson, founder of the Lebanon Evangelical Mission, died.
1871 A preliminary meeting leading to the organization of the Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference was held at Fort Wayne, Indiana through 16 November.
1883 Johannes Wilhelm Christian Dietrichson, American Norwegian Lutheran pastor, died (b. 4 April 1815, Fredrikstad, Norway).
1884 Martin Luther College (New Ulm, Minnesota) was founded.
1890 The Central American Mission was founded by C. I. Scofield (1843–1921) in Dallas, Texas.
1891 Calvin F. Kuder (1864–1935), Lutheran missionary to India, arrived at Rajahmundry, India to begin work there.
1892 E. C. Weiss was born. He was a graduate of Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1918 and later received a B.S. degree from Cape Girardeau (Missouri) Normal School. He was assistant pastor at Zion Lutheran Church (Saint Louis) from 1918 to 1920 and pastor in Tilsit, Missouri from 1920 to 1925. He served as a professor at Saint Paul’s College (Concordia, Missouri) beginning in 1925.
1902 Thomas Theron Alexander, Japan missionary and theology professor, died in Honolulu (b. 8 October 1850).
1918 The General Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the USA, the General Council of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in North America and the United Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the South merged in New York City to form the United Lutheran Church in America.
1940 Coventry Cathedral and much of the city center of Coventry, England, were destroyed by the German Luftwaffe during the Coventry Blitz.
1950 Theodore C. Graebner, professor at Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) from 1913 to 1950 and editor of The Lutheran Witness for many years, died in Saint Louis (b. 23 November 1876, Watertown, Wisconsin).
1953 Karl P. Harrington (b. 13 June 1861), American Methodist classics scholar and hymnist, died.
1968 Theodore Eckhart died (b. 1882). He was the office manager of the Chicago-based Army and Navy Board (1918-1919) and became financial secretary of the LCMS in 1920. He worked for the Concordia Historical Institute in the same role from 1927 to 1942 and as treasurer from 1942 to 1956.