801 Ansgar, “Apostle to the North,” was born near Corbie, France (d. 3 February 865).

1157 Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) of England, leader of the Third Crusade, was born (d. 6 April 1199).

1499 Pietro Vermigli (Peter Martyr), Italian reformer, was born in Florence, Italy (d. 1562).

1565 The parish of Saint Augustine, Florida, was founded by Father Don Martin Francisco Lopez de Mendozo Grajales, who was chaplain of the conquering Spanish forces. It was the first Roman Catholic parish established in America.

1612 Peter Stuyvesant, governor of New Netherland, was born (d. August 1672).

1636 Harvard College was established, the first institution of higher education in America.

1699 Gottfried W. Sacer, German lawyer and hymnist, died in Wolfenbüttel (or 18 September; b. 11 July 1635, Naumburg, Saxony).

1741 Johann Philipp Fabricius (1711–1791), Lutheran missionary among the Tamil people of India, arrived at Tranquebar. [German entry in Bautz Kirchenlexikon]

1783 Nikolaj F. S. Grundtvig, Danish Lutheran theologian, poet and hymnist, was born at Udby, near Vordlingborg, Denmark (d. 2 September 1872).

1784 Ann Lee, English-born American religious mystic, died (b. 29 February 1736, Manchester, England).

1817 Karl Friedrich Kremmer, missionary to India, was born in Schmalkalden, Germany (d. 24 July 1887). [German entry in Bautz Kirchenlexikon]

1829 Karl Heinrich Christian Plath, Lutheran promoter for missions, was born in Bromberg, Germany (d. 10 July 1901).

1842 The Allegheny Synod was organized at Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania.

1845 English clergyman and Oxford Movement Tractarian John Henry Newman (18011890) was received into the Roman Catholic Church.

1853 Nils J. Bakke, field secretary for African American missions of the Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Conference, was born in Norway (d. 8 May 1921).

1875 Richard C. Neitzel, professor at Concordia Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois), was born in Gnevin, Pomerania, Germany (d. 22 May 1951).

1886 Emil W. Luecke was born in Troy, Illinois (d. 2 December 1966, Fort Wayne, Indiana). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1909 and served as pastor in Cornelius, Oregon, and Winfield, Kansas, before becoming a professor of English and the Humanities at Concordia Collegiate Institute (Bronxville, New York). He retired in 1964.

1892 Alfred T. Kramer was born in Frohna, Missouri (d. 28 June 1964, Bahia Blanca, Argentina). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1916. From 1920 to 1927 he served as vice-president of the Brazil District. In 1929 he became a professor at Concordia College (Crespo, Argentina). From 1937 to 1963 he served as pastor in Buenos Aires and Bahia Blanca, Argentina. He was editor of the Ev. Luth. Kirchenbote in Argentina and author of Brosamlein von des Herrn Tisch and other devotional materials, theological articles and materials in Spanish and German.

1907 Pope Pius X (18351914) issued the encyclical Pascendi Dominici gregis, which refuted the errors of the modernists, the inductive theological critics among the biblical scholars within the Roman Catholic Church.

1990 Richard John Neuhaus, a prominent Lutheran theologian, was received into the Roman Catholic Church by New York Cardinal John O’Connor in a ceremony at a chapel in the cardinal’s residence. A member of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America at the time, Neuhaus graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1960 and served Saint John the Evangelist Lutheran Church, a Missouri Synodvcongregation in Brooklyn, from 1961 to 1977. In 1984 he became director of the Center on Religion and Society, a study group in Manhattan financed by the Rockford Institute. Neuhaus left there in May 1989 to head Religion and Life,
another Manhattan study center.

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