Augustine of Hippo, Doctor of the Church
1532 Suleiman I (ca. 1494–1566), the Magnificent, withdrew the Turks from Hapsburg lands.
1572 Claude Goudimel, composer, died (b. ca. 1514).
1645 Hugo Grotius (Hugo de Groot), Arminian statesman and theologian, died in Rostock, Netherlands (b. 10 April 1583).
1774 Elizabeth Ann Seton, American Roman Catholic leader, was born in New York City of Episcopalian parents (d. 4 January 1821).
1796 William Hiley Bathurst, Anglican clergyman and hymnist, was born near Bristol, England (d. 25 November 1877).
1828 Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist and social reformer, was born in south-central Russia (d. 7 November 1910 O.S.).
1840 Ira David Sankey, American evangelist, composer and hymnist, was born in Lawrence County, Pennsylvania (d. 13 August 1908).
1858 Eleazar Williams, missionary to the Iroquois Indians, died (b. ca. 1789, New York State).
1880 Edwin Albert Benjamin Schlueter, president of the Synodical Conference, was born in Watertown, Wisconsin (d. 9 March 1952).
1890 Alexander Williamson, missionary to China, died (b. 5 December 1829).
1901 Jacob M. Buehler, pioneer Missouri Synod missionary to the Pacific Coast, died (b. 8 August 1837, Baltimore, Maryland).
1904 William Frederick Henry Beck, Concordia Publishing House editor and author, was born in Little Falls, Minnesota (d. 24 October 1966).
1906 George Matheson, hymnist, Scottish clergyman and devotional writer, died (b. 27 March 1842, Glasgow).
1963 Martin Luther King Jr. (1929–1968) delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., as part of the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
1999 August R. Suelflow died in Saint Louis, Missouri (b. 7 September 1922). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1946 and served as director of the Concordia Historical Institute from 1948 until his retirement in 1995.