1605 Simon Dach, hymnist, was born at Memel, northeast of Königsberg, Prussia (d. 15 April 1659).
1775 The U.S. military chaplaincy was established by the Second Continental Congress.
1792 Jonas King, missionary in Syria, Egypt and Greece, was born in Hawley, Massachusetts (d. 22 May 1869).
1833 William Wilberforce, English philanthropist, died in London (b. 24 August 1759).
1856 Robert A. Schumann (b. 8 June 1810), German composer, died.
1858 A treaty between Japan and United States opened the door for mission work.
1866 T. O. (Thomas Obediah) Chisholm, American Methodist, was born in Simpson County, Kentucky (d. 29 February 1960).
1904 Richard R. Caemmerer was born (d. 6 May 1984). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1927. He served as a professor at Concordia from 1940 to 1974 and at Christ Seminary-Seminex from 1974 until his death.
1905 Dag Hammarskjöld, Swedish diplomat, was born in Jonkoping, Sweden (d. 18 September 1961). Hammarskjöld gained international prominence during his eight years as secretary-general of the United Nations, but he endeared himself to many Christians when his personal journal was published in 1964, three years after his untimely death in a plane crash.
1927 John H. F. Feth, professor and president of Concordia College (Bronxville, New York), died (b. 10 February 1861, Cleveland).
1957 William M. Runyan (b. 21 January 1870), American Methodist clergyman and sacred music editor, died.
1962 The first Missouri Synod chapel in Ceylon (Sri Lanka) at Labookellie Tea Estate was dedicated.
1974 The first eleven women were ordained as priests in the Episcopal Church in Philadelphia’s Church of the Advocate. This ordination was ruled invalid by the House of Bishops on 15 August, but on 17 October the same body approved the ordination of women as priests in principle.