431 Legates of Celestine of Rome arrived at the Third Ecumenical Council of Ephesus.
547(?) Benedict of Nursia, Abbot of Monte Classino, founder of Western Monasticism, is commemorated (b. ca. 480).
1533 Pope Clement VII (1478–1534) excommunicated England’s King Henry VIII for remarrying after his divorce.
1536 The Wittenberg Articles were approved by visiting church leaders from England.
1585 Nicolaus Hunnius, son of Egidius Hunnius, was born at Marburg (d. 12 April 1643).
1635 Gottfried Wilhelm Sacer, hymnist, was born at Naumberg, Saxony (d. 8 or 18 September 1699).
1656 Barbados expatriates Ann Austin and Mary Fisher (ca. 1623–1698) became the first Quakers to arrive in America at Boston. They were promptly arrested by Massachusetts authorities and deported back to England five weeks later.
1725 Solomo Franck, hymnist, poet and cantata librettist, died at Weimar (b. 1659).
1767 John Quincy Adams, sixth president of the United States, was born (d. 23 February 1848). He wrote Version of the Psalms, as well as hymns, of which some appeared in Christian Psalmist (1841).
1786 Ambrose Henkel, founder of Henkel Press, was born (d. 6 January 1870).
1807 Edward A. Dayman, hymnist, was born in Padston, Cornwall, England (d. 30 October 1890).
1864 John (Jaan) Sillak was born in Sorpart, Estonia (d. 5 December 1953). He completed his studies in languages (of which he spoke seventeen) in Europe in the 1880s and did post-graduate work at Concordia Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois) in 1901. He was ordained and installed in 1901 at Saint Peter Lutheran Church in Josephsburg, Canada, and served for fifty-two years throughout Western Canada.
1866 Henry Frederick Offermann, New Testament professor at the Lutheran Theological Seminary, Philadelphia, was born in Hanover, Germany (d. 21 May 1953).
1884 Rudolph Eifert was born in Pembroke, Ontario, Canada (d. 25 November 1950). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1907 and served as a pastor at Tavistock and Elmira, Ontario. He became a professor at California Concordia College (Oakland) beginning in 1918.
1895 Alexander Ewing, composer, died (b. 3 January 1830).
1908 Roland P. Wiederaenders Sr. was born in Clifton, Texas (d. 23 February 1995). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1936 and served as a pastor in Bammel, San Antonio and Corpus Christi, Texas. He was a member of the Missouri Synod Board for Parish Education, vice-president and president of the Texas District (1950–1959) and vice-president of the synod (1959–1973). He retired in 1974.
1956 Congress enacted a law to place the motto “In God We Trust” on all U.S. currency.
1963 Frederick Samuel Wenger, professor at Concordia Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois) died (b. 8 February 1878).
1998 Alvaro A. Cariño died in the Philippines (b. 21 September 1908). Following graduation from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1937, he served from 1942 to 1974 in Chicago, Illinois; the Philippines; and Honolulu, Hawaii. He retired in 1974 but continued to serve as a missionary-at-large from 1974 to 1978.