1115 Peter the Hermit (b. ca. 1050), spiritual propagandist of the First Crusade (10961099), died.

1153 Pope Eugene III died.

1529 A uniform Protestant confession was proposed in Saalfeld.

1530 In a letter written in Augsburg to Veit Dietrich (15061549), Philipp Melanchthon (14971560) reported on Cardinal Campeggio (1471/721539), indicating that the cardinal had stated at the meeting of the Diet of Augsburg that he could grant the observance of the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper in both kinds and the marriage of priests.

1582 Lucas Lossius, Lutheran musicologist, died (b. 1508).

1637 Johann G. Ebeling, composer, was born (d. 4 December 1676).

1654 Jacob Barsimon arrived on Manhattan Island, the first Jew to settle in America.

1663 Following the restoration of the monarchy in England, the New England colony of Rhode Island was issued a new charter guaranteeing religious freedom regardless of “differences in opinion in matters of religion.”

1673 Johann Rudolph Ahle, composer, died in Muehlhausen, Thuringia (b. 24 December 1625).

1741 Colonial Congregational minister Jonathan Edwards (17031758) preached his classic “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” sermon at Enfield, Connecticut.

1803 Karl F. A. Gützlaff, apostle to the Chinese, was born in Pyritz, Prussian Pomerania (d. 9 August 1851).

1835 The American Liberty Bell first cracked while tolling the death of Chief Justice John Marshall.

1836 Østen Hanson, who helped organize the Norwegian Lutheran Mission in China, was born in Telemarken, Norway (d. 4 August 1898).

1862 Arthur Stephen Paynter, mission pioneer, was born. In 1897 he founded the Indian Christian Mission in the Kumoan District of North India (d. 27 July 1933).

1868 Russian evangelical Shtundists made their first defense before high authorities. The Shtundists aroused anger by opposing the use of icons.

1882 Percy A. Grainger, composer and pianist, was born (d. 20 February 1961).

1884 Isaak A. Dorner (b. 20 June 1809), a German Lutheran theologian, died. [German Wikipedia article]

1896 At the Democratic National Convention, fundamentalist William Jennings Bryan (18601925) gave his famous speech supporting “the little man” of American life. “You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold,” he declared.

1903 The Bethesda Lutheran Home Association was organized.

1936 Dennis Hilgendorf was born in Freistadt, Wisconsin (d. 30 November 1989). He spent most of his life working in the Middle East, first as a missionary in 1962 and 1963, then as head of the Middle East Lutheran Ministry, a position he held until 1980. In 1977 he became the director of the Contact and Resource Center in Beirut.

1946 LCMS Philippine mission work was initiated with the arrival of Alvaro A. Cariño.

1948 The VELKD (Vereinigte Evangelisch Lutherische Kirche Deutschlands [United Evangelical Lutheran Church of Germany]) was formed in Eisenach, Germany.

1959 Representatives of the Congregational Christian Churches and the Evangelical and Reformed Church adopted a united statement of faith in Oberlin, Ohio. The two groups merged and formed the United Church of Christ in 1961.

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