1376 Catherine of Siena (1347–1380) set out from Siena to coax the pope in Avignon, France, to return the papacy to Rome.
1415 The final formulation of charges was presented to the reformer Jan Hus of Bohemia by the Council of Constance.
1429 Joan of Arc, “Maid of Orleans,” led the French to victory over the English at Patay.
1546 Anne Askew (1521–1546), an English Protestant, was condemned. Racked and tortured for refusing to say that priests could make bread into the body of Christ, she was burned at Smithfield a month after her condemnation.
1677 Johann Franck, German hymnist, died (b. 1 June 1618, Guben, Germany).
1757 Ignaz Pleyel, religious composer, was born (d. 14 November 1831).
1800 Richard Massie, hymn translator, was born in Chester, England (d. 11 March 1887).
1804 Peter Parker, missionary to China, was born in Framingham, Massachusetts (d. 10 January 1888).
1817 Hans Palladan (Paludan) Smith Schreuder, missionary to South Africa, was born in Sogndal, Norway (d. 1882).
1819 Samuel Longfellow, American clergyman and hymn writer and brother of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, was born in Portland, Maine (d. 3 October 1892).
1830 Elizabeth C. Clephane, Scottish poetess, was born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 19 February 1869, Bridgend House, near Melrose, Roxburghshire, Scotland).
1836 Daniel Landsmann, the first Missouri Synod Jewish missionary, was born in Pinsk, Minsk, Russia (d. 13 May 1896).
1849 William Bingham Tappan, promoter with American Sunday School Union, died in West Needham, Massachusetts (b. 14 October 1794).
1864 Albert Knapp, hymnist, died in Stuttgart (b. 25 July 1798, Tübingen, Germany).
1870 Carl Eduard Vehse, lay leader of the Saxon immigration to Perry County, Missouri, in 1838–1839, died (b. 1802 near Dresden, Saxony).
1880 Herman Henry Jonas was born in Riverdale, Illinois (d. 23 March 1961, Nevada City, California). He graduated from Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) in 1905 and served as a missionary in Nevada and Northeastern California from 1905 to 1906. He became a professor at California Concordia College (Oakland) beginning in 1906, where he served until his retirement in 1947.
1883 William Josiah Irons, hymn translator, died (b. 12 September 1812, Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire, England).
1888 Theodore L. Byington, missionary to Turkey, died (b. 15 March 1831).
1889 Oliver Harsted was born. He was a graduate of Luther College (Decorah, Iowa) in 1914 and a teacher at Luther Academy (Albert Lea, Minnesota) from 1914 to 1918). He became a professor at Concordia College (Saint Paul, Minnesota) beginning in 1923.
1899 F. W. Herzberger (1859–1930) was installed in Saint Louis as the first Missouri Synod city missionary.
1925 Franz Edward Mohn, one of the first two LCMS missionaries to India, died (b. 4 November 1867 near Dresden, Germany).
1928 John H. Tietjen, president of Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) and Christ Seminary-Seminex, was born in New York City (d. 15 February 2004).
1931 Wesley W. Isenberg, a graduate of Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) and professor for 40 years at Concordia University Chicago (River Forest, Illinois), translator of The Gospel of Philip in the Nag Hamadi Library, was born in Chicago (d. 3 October 2005).
1956 Dawson E. Trotman (b. 1906), founder and past president of the Navigators, an interdenominational organization headquartered in Colorado Springs, Colorado, died.
1984 W. Th. Janzow was installed as interim president of Concordia Lutheran Seminary (Edmonton, Alberta, Canada), and the institution’s first building was dedicated.