1187 Muslim general Saladin (ca. 11381193) captured Jerusalem from the  Crusaders.

1538 Saint Charles Borromeo, Italian cardinal, was born (d. 4 November 1584).

1629 Pierre de Bérulle, French cardinal and statesman, died (b. 4 February 1575).

1792 The Baptist Missionary Society was founded by a dozen English ministers in Kettering, Northants, England. It was the first modern mission society.

1800 Slave and lay preacher Nat Turner was born in Southampton County, Virginia (d. 11 November 1831).

1808 Allen Chatfield, Anglican clergyman and hymn translator, was born at Catteris (Cambridgeshire), England (d. 10 January 1896).

1836 Naturalist Charles Darwin (18091882) returned to Falmouth, England, aboard the HMS Beagle after a five-year journey collecting biological data he would later use to develop his theory of evolution.

1841 Frederick William Stellhorn was born in Bruening-Horstedt, Hannover, Germany (d. 17 March 1919).

1878 Oswald Allen, hymnist, died (b. 1816).

1884 Antonio Ravalli, Roman Catholic missionary to Montana Indians, died (b. 16 May 1812, Ferrara, Italy).

1892 C. H. R. Lange, professor at Concordia Seminary (Saint Louis) and Concordia College (Fort Wayne, Indiana), died in Saint Louis (b. 8 January 1825, Polish Wartenberg, Prussia).

1896 Our Savior Lutheran Church, Chicago, the first deaf congregation in the Missouri Synod, was organized.

1921 Robert Runcie, Archbishop of Canterbury and primate of the Anglican Church in England, was born (d. 11 July 2000, Saint Albans, Hertfordshire).

1927 The LCMS began work among the blind.

1928 The “Prelature of the Holy Cross and the Work of God”, commonly known as Opus Dei, was founded by Saint Josemaría Escrivá.

1930 The first Lutheran Hour broadcast, sponsored by the Lutheran Laymen’s League, was heard over station WHK on a Thursday evening from Cleveland, Ohio.

1937 Carl Døving, hymn translator, died in Chicago (b. 21 March 1867, Norddalen, Norway).

1950 Peanuts” first debuted in seven newspapers under the United Features Syndicate. Developed by Charles M. Schulz, who was raised Lutheran in Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota, “Peanuts” ran for nearly 50 years and was published in 2,600 newspapers, 75 countries and 21 languages.

1957 John George Peter Drach, General Synod leader, died (b. 3 September 1873, Greenport, Long Island, New York).

1978 The Lutheran Church Extension Fund of the Missouri Synod became the first investment and lending service of any major U.S. denomination to be approved and certified by the securities agencies of all fifty states.

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